HISTORY OF RAJPUT
History of Rajputs is very interesting. First of all, Rajput isn’t a class. It is just a group, which ruled in the later period, amongst Kshatriya class. There are many other warrior groups amongst Kshatriyas which ruled during early period.
For men who had been raised their whole life as warriors, nothing was considered more honourable for the Kshatriya male than to fight and die on the battlefield for the sake of dharma (righteousness). Rajputs did defend India from foreign invasions during early period of islamic invasions. It was only during later period that Rajputs became corrupt and allied with muhammadan rulers, at the expense of their culture and religion.
According to the Hindu Mythology, the Rajputs of Rajasthan were the descendants of the Kshatriyas or warriors of Vedic India. The emergence of the Rajput warrior clans was in the 6th and 7th centuries. Rajputs ancestry can be divided into two: the “solar” or suryavanshi-those descended from Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana, and the “lunar” or chandravanshi, who claimed descent from Krishna, the hero of the epic Mahabharata. Later a third clan was added, the agnikula or fire-born, said to have emerged from the flames of a sacrificial fire on Mt Abu.
It has been accepted that the Rajputs were divided into thirty-six races and twenty-one kingdoms. The Rajput clans gave rise to dynasties like Sisodias of Mewar (Udaipur), the Kachwahas of Amber (Jaipur), the Rathors of Marwar (Jodhpur & Bikaner), the Hadas of Jhalwawar, Kota & Bundi, the Bhattis of Jaisalmer, the Shekhawats of Shekhawati and the Chauhans of Ajmer.
Royal Rajputs of Rajasthan, Rajasthan and Gujarat, ruled for a period of more than 500 years successfully. Being essentially the warrior class, was the sheer force of Rajput soldiers. There bodyguards and guards who were very loyal to his master. In fact, the Rajputs were known for their loyalty and trustworthy nature. Rajputs were skillful warriors follow a strict code of conduct when he is fighting off an enemy came running. There are many stories about the heroism of the Rajputs are folklores.
A very famous Rajput ruler Prithviraj Chauhan 12th century around a fierce battle was fought against Mohammad Gauri. Some of the Mughal Rajput Islam, which the former colonial empire in Southeast Asia’s largest foundation to convert the rulers invaded. Rajputs were known for their unique architectural wonders and many palaces and forts in Rajasthan and Gujarat to build around. They built forts and temples still stand strong and provide a glimpse of the Rajput royal heritage.
One more famous ruler Maharana Pratap Singh who fought against moughal rulers.
MAHARANA PRATAP SINGH
Maharana Pratap was born on May 9th 1540 in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan. His father was Maharana Udai Singh II and his mother was Rani Jeevant Kanwar. He was the eldest of twenty-five sons and hence given the title of Crown Prince. He was destined to be the 54th ruler of Mewar, in the line of the Sisodiya Rajputs.
Maharana Pratap’s first and most favorite wife was Maharani Ajabde Punwar. Maharana Pratap altogether had 11 wives.All of Pratap’s other marriages were conducted for political reasons. He had 17 sons and five daughters. Of his children, Amar Singh, who was born to Ajabde, was the eldest.
Battle of Haldighat
Rana Pratap Singh in fighting for Chittod and joined him in his battle against the Mughals; they would not retreat from their goal. They assured him, “Rana, be sure that we all are with you; waiting only for your signal and we are ready to sacrifice our life. Akbar tried his best to bring Rana Pratap under his clutches; but all in vain. Akbar got angry as no compromise could be arrived at with Rana Pratap and he declared a war. Rana Pratap also started preparations.
He shifted his capital to Kumbhalgad in the Aravalli range of mountains which was difficult to access. He recruited tribal people and people dwelling in forests in his army. These people had no experience of fighting any war; but he trained them. He appealed to all Rajput chieftains to come under one flag for Mewar’s independence.
Rana Pratap’s army of 22,000 soldiers met 2,00,000 soldiers of Akbar at Haldighat. Rana Pratap and his soldiers exhibited great valour in this battle although he had to retreat but Akbar’s army was not successful in completely defeating Rana Pratap.
Chetak – The horse
Along with Rana Pratap, his faithful horse named ‘Chetak’ also became immortal in this battle. ‘Chetak’ was seriously injured in the battle of Haldighat but to save his master’s life, it jumped over a big canal.As soon as the canal was crossed, ‘Chetak’ fell down and died thus it saved Rana Pratap, risking its own life. The strong Maharana cried like a child over the death of his faithful horse. Later he constructed a beautiful garden at the place where Chetak had breathed its last.
In January 1597, Rana Pratap Singh Mewar’s greatest hero was seriously injured in a hunting accident. Maharana Pratap was lying on the bed made of grass even when he was dying as his oath of freeing Chittod was not still fulfilled. At the last moment, he took his son Amar Singh’s hand and handed over the responsibility of freeing Chittod to his son and died in peace. he died on January 29, 1597 in Chavand.
Over time the Rajputs power mainly to the fact that they were unable to move with the times began to fall due. Rajasthan and Gujarat, the Mughals invaded and occupied large parts. After Babar’s efforts, the Emperor Humayun and Akbar, the Rajput Empire about virtually all parts of the conquered. Marital alliance with the Mughals and Rajputs, not just by the war was through. With the advent of the British, all the Rajput states such Rajputs British colonies became royal rule ended.
One more rajput ruler of Bundelkhand, maharaja Rudra Pratap Singh from where bundela’s era started.